Among different chemical compounds, formula for nitric acid is complex and difficult to understand. If you keep the nitric acid at a room temperature then it will be developing the yellow color. Nitric acid is a chemical substance in liquid state. Highly toxic for humans, the substance must be handled, stored and transported with great care. In order to manage all tasks involving this substance it is compulsory to read and apply the regulations detailed in the nitric acid MSDS, a document that includes all the necessary information for the safe handling, storage and transport.Below mentioned is a list of precautions and measures of safety, which are to be taken when exposed in Nitric Acid MSDS
Properties of Nitric Acid
Nitric acid MSDS reports that the substance burns in the presence of combustible materials, while in combination with organic products, metals and alkalis it can provoke explosions. Soluble in hot and cold water, the substance is not flammable and presents minimum risks of explosion. Nitric acid is a transparent, slightly yellowish liquid. It has an acrid, disagreeable smell, which can become choking after prolonged exposure.
Measures For Handling, Transportation and Storing Nitric Acid
The containers must be made only of glass. Metal and direct solar exposure is prohibited. According to the nitric acid MSDS, the substance must be kept in well ventilated spaces, away from any source of fire or flame, isolated from any incompatible substances and away from any source of heat.
Eyeglasses, neoprene gloves, boots and breathing apparatus are recommended by nitric acid MDSD for safety handling. When handling the substance, smoking and food consumption are not allowed. The handlers must wear special equipment, which prohibits inhalation, ingestion and substance’s contact with skin or eyes.
White is the code for storing Nitric Acid. The transportation can only be performed in special conditions and with proper inscriptions of the vehicles.
Hazards to Human From Nitric Acid
In case of skin contact, remove contaminated clothing and wash the area with cold water for at least 15 minutes, then cover the area in emollient cream. In case of eye contact, the nitric acid MSDS recommends removing any contact lens (if wearing) and flushing water for at least 15 minutes. The nitric acid can penetrate the human body through skin absorption, eye contact, ingestion (extremely hazardous) and inhalation (slightly hazardous).
If the substance is swallowed, do not provoke vomiting unless specified by medical personnel. For any of the above-mentioned situations, medical assistance is recommended immediately. Severe cases may need artificial breathing and oxygen administration. Disinfectant soap and anti-microbial cream can be used in severe skin contamination. For mild forms of inhalation, the nitric acid MSDS recommends exposure to open air and removing all breathing obstacles (collars, ties, waistbands or belts).
Health Hazards for Animals
The nitric acid MSDS does not report any particular effects on animals, although it is recommended to keep animals (terrestrial and marines) away from any contamination with this substance.
Hazards to Environment
Accidental spills may have negative effects on the environment. According to nitric acid MSDS, short-term degradation products are not frequent or likely to appear. It is possible however for the long-term degradation products to arise.